Security forces arrested Zanyar Moradi, 23, on August 2, 2009, for the July 2009 murder of the son of the Marivan Friday Imam. They spent nine months inside the Sanandaj Intelligence Office Detention Center, under severe physical and psychological pressure to confess. Approximately six months later, the two prisoners were transferred to the Sanandaj Central Prison and then to Evin Prison’s Intelligence Ministry Ward 209.
On 22 December 2009, Judge Salavati of Branch 15 of Tehran’s Revolutionary Court sentenced Zanyar and Loghman Moradi to death by public hanging on the charges of “moharebeh” (enmity with God) and “murder of the Marivan Friday Imam’s son.” Under Iran’s penal code, moharebeh is meant to criminalize acts of armed action against the government. The two men were then transferred to Rajaee Shahr Prison in Karaj, where they later wrote letters alleging they had been tortured in prison and forced to make false confessions.
The two convicts objected to their sentence in February 2010 and the case was forwarded to the Supreme Court for review.